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Mythology of Thassos According to Herodotus, the first inhabitant of Thassos was Thassos, son of Aginoras, the king of Phenicia. According to mythology, Aginoras had ordered his sons to look for their sister Europe, who had been kidnapped by the god Zeus transformed into a bull. Thassos in search of Europe arrived on an island outside Thrace which fascinated him. Unable to find Europe, he decided to abandon his research and stay with the other Phoenicians who accompanied him to the island. This is how the island got its name, which has preserved it from distant antiquity until today (Thassos Island - Greece, n.d. and Bletsas, 2019).


Of course, there are other views recorded about the origin of the name of the island. Some ancient poets and writers refer to Thassos as "Gases", for the cool summer breeze, "Aithria" for its crystal clear sky, "Golden" because of the gold from its gold mines or "Dimitra coast" for the abundant and exotic fruits of. According to a different source, the etymology of the name "Thassos" is related to the word "Dew" due to the abundant forests on the island. (Thassos Mythology, 2004) Another mythological reference that concerns the island is related to the Homeric texts. Some scholars believe that Thassos is the island of Calypso, Ogygia, which is mentioned in the E 'rhapsody of the Odyssey. On the other hand, there are scholars who connect Thassos with the island of the Sirens. (History of Thassos, 2013)


The island of Thassos is located in the North Aegean, opposite the coasts of Eastern Macedonia and is the twelfth largest island in Greece (Bletsas, 2019). The surface of the North Aegean reaches 3,854 km while the length of the coast of Thassos reaches 116 km and its land surface spreads to 384 sq. Km. km .. (ELSAT, 2011). A distance of 18 nautical miles separates it from Kavala and only 6 miles from Keramoti and Kavala Airport. Administratively, Thassos belongs to the Prefecture of Kavala and is one of its provinces.